Category: Standards

Trippe on DITA: Yes, You Still Have to Model Your Content

In DITA Lets Tech Publishers ‘Eat Their Cake’ (Intelligent Enterprise), Bill Trippe writes: “The Darwin Information Typing Architecture (DITA) is finally pushing aside roadblocks that have stood in the way of adopting XML-based publishing.” The article addresses (briefly) the often avoided issue of content modeling (some writers think adopting DITA means they don’t have to model their content—a fallacy). It also points out what many consultants have been saying: DITA requires customization (called ‘specialization’ in DITA lingo). There are significant costs associated with specializing DITA that may make it the wrong choice for some organizations. Trippe doesn’t address this...

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Deconstructing Content Standards

Standards and content management go hand in hand. Content is stored in a definitive source as reusable elements that can be reassembled as required to form numerous and different information products. Because content can be used in so many different ways, it needs to conform to standards. You need standards for authoring, standards for making information accessible, standards for graphics. In this issue of The Rockley Report, content management practitioners deconstruct some of the standards, focusing on why standards are important, and how they impact content management. The March issue opens with a case study that describes how one...

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XML Levels Educational Playing Field For Blind and Visually Impaired

For the blind and visually impaired new technology has literally opened up the doors to education. They can listen to a textbook on a computer or read it using refreshable Braille. Yet students with print disabilities have had to wait six months or longer for an accessible textbook to be made available to them. This is set to change, however, thanks to a reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Educational Act (IDEA). The act, signed by President Bush on December 3, 2004 is geared to give students with visual disabilities the same access to educational materials as their sighted peers....

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Electronic Government: Challenges to Effective Adoption of the Extensible Markup Language

The U.S. General Accounting Office report entitled Electronic Government: Challenges to Effective Adoption of the Extensible Markup Language is an excellent source of information for those seeking to adopt an XML-based content management system. The report outlines difficulties preventing widespread implementation of XML, describes several current federal XML projects, illustrates hypothetical uses of XML in government and in industry, and provides recommendations for adopting an “enterprise architecture” to avoid creating a “patchwork solution” (silos). Additionally, the report recommends a series of steps designed to improve the federal government’s planning for adoption of XML. Download a free copy of the...

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Smart Documents: Now There’s A Good Idea!

The need to create smart documents was the focus of the keynote presentation at this year’s XML USA Conference. Keynote presenters Jon Udell of InfoWorld and Shantanu Narayen of Adobe Systems discussed the importance of creating intelligent XML documents that add real world business value, while acknowledging some of the obstacles preventing widespread adoption. According to a report from—Intelligent Documents Headline XML 2003—Jon Udell “spoke of the importance of context in everyday communication. He noted that the most prevalent forms of business communication, email and instant messaging, tended to preserve the least context. It was a shame to...

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