Category: Standards

Smart Documents: Now There’s A Good Idea!

The need to create smart documents was the focus of the keynote presentation at this year’s XML USA Conference. Keynote presenters Jon Udell of InfoWorld and Shantanu Narayen of Adobe Systems discussed the importance of creating intelligent XML documents that add real world business value, while acknowledging some of the obstacles preventing widespread adoption. According to a report from—Intelligent Documents Headline XML 2003—Jon Udell “spoke of the importance of context in everyday communication. He noted that the most prevalent forms of business communication, email and instant messaging, tended to preserve the least context. It was a shame to...

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Understanding Metadata: Using Dublin Core

By Diane Hillman, Dublin Core Metadata Initiative What is Metadata? Metadata has been with us since the first librarian made a list of the items on a shelf of handwritten scrolls. The term “meta” comes from a Greek word that denotes “alongside, with, after, next.” More recent Latin and English usage would employ “meta” to denote something transcendental, or beyond nature. Metadata, then, can be thought of as data about other data. It is the Internet-age term for information that librarians traditionally have put into catalogs, and it most commonly refers to descriptive information about Web resources. A metadata...

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Drafting Legislation In XML: Has Pork Barrel Politics Met Its Match?

The Office of the Legislative Counsel of the U.S. House of Representatives has adopted XML as a data standard for the exchange of legislative documents. Not only will authoring legislation in XML reduce errors, improve productivity, and speed up an overly-bureaucratic process, it may also make it increasingly difficult for politicians to sneak pork barrel provisions into legislation at the last minute. The Homeland Security Act fiasco is an excellent illustration of the problem. Document Type Definitions, Data Dictionaries, Element Descriptions and Content Models are available from the United States Congress XML...

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