By Diane Hillman, Dublin Core Metadata Initiative What is Metadata? Metadata has been with us since the first librarian made a list of the items on a shelf of handwritten scrolls. The term “meta” comes from a Greek word that denotes “alongside, with, after, next.” More recent Latin and English usage would employ “meta” to denote something transcendental, or beyond nature. Metadata, then, can be thought of as data about other data. It is the Internet-age term for information that librarians traditionally have put into catalogs, and it most commonly refers to descriptive information about Web resources. A metadata...Read More
The Office of the Legislative Counsel of the U.S. House of Representatives has adopted XML as a data standard for the exchange of legislative documents. Not only will authoring legislation in XML reduce errors, improve productivity, and speed up an overly-bureaucratic process, it may also make it increasingly difficult for politicians to sneak pork barrel provisions into legislation at the last minute. The Homeland Security Act fiasco is an excellent illustration of the problem. Document Type Definitions, Data Dictionaries, Element Descriptions and Content Models are available from the United States Congress XML...Read More
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